Director: Nick James
Dec 22 Worachate Boonplod reports a Kreutz group comet in real time C2 images Jan 01 Trygve Prestgard reports two Kreutz group comets in H1A images Jan 02 Discovery of 2018 Y2 (P/Africano) reported Jan 02 Trygve Prestgard reports a Kreutz group comet in H1A images Jan 03 Trygve Prestgard reports a Kreutz group comet in H1A images Jan 03 Masanori Uchina reports a Kreutz group comet in H1A images Jan 04 Trygve Prestgard reports a Kreutz group comet in H1A images Jan 05 Rainer Kracht reports a Meyer group comet in real time C2 images Jan 07 Discovery of 2019 A1 (P/PanSTARRS) reported Jan 08 Asteroid (6478) Gault shows a tail Jan 08 Discovery of 2019 A2 (P/ATLAS) reported Jan 10 Discovery of 2019 A3 (P/PanSTARRS) reported Jan 17 Discovery of 2019 A4 (P/PanSTARRS) reported Jan 17 Discovery of 2019 A5 (PanSTARRS) reported Jan 17 Discovery of 2019 A6 (P/Lemmon-PanSTARRS) reported Jan 18 Worachate Boonplod reports a non-group comet in real time C3 images Jan 20 Trygve Prestgard reports a Kreutz group comet in H1A images Jan 20 Update
If there have been no recent updates try The German comet group page or Seiichi Yoshida's page for information or the Liga Iberoamericana de Astronomia for observations.
Comet Magnitude Trend Observable When visible Last visual observation 46P/Wirtanen 7 fade 90 N to 25 S all night 2019 January Iwamoto (2018 Y1) 9 bright 50 N to 55 S morning 2019 January 38P/Stephan-Oterma 10 steady 90 N to 30 S all night 2019 January ATLAS (2018 L2) 10 fade 90 N to 45 N early pm & am 2019 January 64P/Swift-Gehrels 10 fade 90 N to 35 S best evening 2019 January PanSTARRS (2016 M1) 10.5 fade 20 S to 50 S all night 2018 September PanSTARRS (2016 R2) 11 varies 90 N to 0 N morning 2019 January 78P/Gehrels 12 bright 55 N to 25 S early evening 2019 January PanSTARRS (2016 N6) 12.5 fade 45 N to 50 S all night 2018 December Machholz-Fuji*-Iwa* (2018 V1) 12.5 ? fade Conjunction 2018 December 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 13 ? varies 60 N to 25 S evening 2019 January 21P/Giacobini-Zinner 13 fade 20 N to 55 S all night 2018 November ASSASN (2018 N2) 13.5 steady 25 N to 50 S evening 2019 January 60P/Tsuchinshan 13.5 fade 60 N to 50 S morning 2019 January PanSTARRS (2017 S3) 13.5 fade? 90 N to 10 S morning 2018 November PanSTARRS (2017 T2) [14 bright 55 N to 50 S evening Not yet observedThe observable region is an approximate indication of the latitude at which the comet may be seen. Under good conditions comets may be visible outside this range. The period when visible is for the UK if the comet is visible from the UK, otherwise for 40 S or the Equator as appropriate. The last visual observation is as received by the Section, details are often updated on the basis of observations published elsewhere. Details are normally fully updated at the beginning of each month, but may be updated more frequently for comets brighter than 10th magnitude; the date of the most recent partial update, which may apply to only one object, is given. Beginners will often find comets fainter than about 7th magnitude difficult to locate - see below for information on positions and finder charts.
Light curves of comets brighter than 10th magnitude or predicted to become that bright (aperture corrected for potential naked eye comets) [click on thumbnail to get the full scale image, updated on 2019 January 2]. The dotted lines represent 99% confidence limits. 38P, 46P.
Comet magnitude parameters [ updated 2019 January 2].
Longer period ephemerides are given here for planning purposes for comets that may reach naked eye brightness. All are for the UK. The ephemerides give B1950 and J2000 positions. Modern star charts use J2000, but older atlases will use B1950. The predicted magnitudes are extremely uncertain.
Planning aids and information for forthcoming comets
The MPC also has a list of the last observation for all comets. Electronic observers should try and observe any comets that have not recently been observed according to the CBAT but which are expected to be within range of their equipment. Negative observations are also useful. In addition, the MPC has orbital elements for unusual asteroids, many of which have cometary orbits.
Download Richard Fleet's GraphDark software for graphically displaying comet (and other object) visibility. Latest version is 2.05, 2007 May.
Download William Schwittek's CometWin software for generating comet ephemerides and visibility diagrams. [Updated 2002 March 5]
Download Solex, N-body solar system dynamics software.
Visual and visual equivalent magnitude observations should be sent to me at <jds [at] ast.com.ac.uk> in simple text format. Visual observers can use the BAA visual report form to log observations. To avoid the use of multiple formats the ICQ format , which uses special keys to code observation particulars, is now standardised as the one to use for submission and archiving of observations. The ICQ have not updated their observation keys since 2010, so these additional keys are suggested for use when submitting observations to the BAA (updated 2017 January 4). Crni Vhr Observatory has launched the Comet Observation Database which allows entry of observations in ICQ format, and plots of light curves. Visual observations entered using this system should be emailed to me at the end of the month. Observations are usually analysed and sent to TA as soon as possible after the end of the month with a TA deadline of the 2nd; any late observations will be used in subsequent analyses. Observations will continue to be published by Guy Hurst in The Astronomer magazine in TA format. There is also a visual drawing form. The German comet group also has a computer program that will correctly format observations for the ICQ [2009 December].
Images should be sent to Denis Buczynski.
Regular contributors include James Abbott, Jose Aguiar, Alexander Amorim, Nicolas Biver, Denis Buczynski, Paul Camilleri, Matyas Csukas, Roger Dymock, John Fletcher, Marco Goiato, Juan Gonzalez, Bjorn Granslo, Werner Hasubick, Kevin Hills, Nick James, Heinz Kerner, Carlos Labordena, Rolando Ligustri, Michael Mattiazzo, Maik Mayer, Antonio Milani, Martin Mobberley, Jose Navarro Pina, Gabriel Oksa, Mieczyslaw Paradowski, Stuart Rae, Walter Robledo, Tony Scarmato, Willian Souza, David Strange Johan Warrell and Seiichi Yoshida, several of whom contribute observations from their colleagues.
Warning I receive a large number of emails containing viruses or other junk. Please try and make clear that your message is legitimate, otherwise it may be deleted without being read. It is advisable to use your own name, rather than an alias, in the 'from' field and use an obvious, recent subject.
Many thanks to those that regularly access this page for your interest. If you have any comments, suggestions for improvement or find any problems, please email the visual co-ordinator, Jon Shanklin, at j.shanklin @ bas.ac.uk. If you need to phone me, my home number is +44 (0)1223 571250 or my BAS number is +44 (0)1223 221482. Snail mail will reach me at the British Antarctic Survey, Madingley Road, CAMBRIDGE CB3 0ET, England. For information about my work with BAS see my web page at BAS.