Updated 2014 July 30
When observing a comet please try to forget how bright you think the comet should be, what it was when you last viewed it, what other observers think it is or what the ephemeris says it should be.
The equations for the light curves of comets that are currently visible use only the raw observations and should give a reasonable prediction for the current brightness. If the comet has not yet been observed or has gone from view a correction for aperture is included, so that telescopic observers should expect the comet to be fainter than given by the equation. The correction is about 0.033 per centimetre. Values for the r parameter given in square brackets [ ] are assumed. The form of the light curve is either the standard m = H0 + 5 log d + K0 log r or the linear brightening m = H0 + 5 log d + L0 abs(t - T + D0) where T is the date of perihelion, t the present and D0 an offset, if L0 is +ve the comet brightens towards perihelion and if D0 is +ve the comet is brightest prior to perihelion.
The comet was recovered by M. Masek, J. Cerny, J. Ebr, M. Prouza, P. Kubanek, M. Jelinek, K. Honkova and J. Jurysek at the Pierre Auger Observatory, Malarque with the 0.3m reflector on April 9.39. [MPEC 2014-G70, 2014 April 10]. The comet returns to perihelion 0.1 days earlier than predicted.
The comet can make close approaches to Venus, Earth and Mars. Its last close approach to Earth was at the discovery apparition in 2005, when it came to 0.10 au and in 2036 it will approach to 0.06 au. It will approach within 0.08 au of Mars in 2132 and approached Venus to 0.09 au in 1957.
2001 BB50 (P/LINEAR-NEAT) was recovered in images from PanSTARRS taken on 2014 May 17.28, with earlier images taken at the SATINO remote observatory, Haute Province on 2014 March 1.93. The comet will return to perihelion 1.76 days earlier than predicted and has a period of 13.7 years.
K. Lawrence, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, reports the discovery by the NEAT project of a 19th magnitude comet on 2003 October 22.29. Observations by J. Young at Table Mountain on October 23.2 UT show a 3" coma with a short, broad, fan-shaped tail about 8" long spanning p.a. 255-285 deg. [IAUC 8230, 2003 October 23]
2003 U3 (P/NEAT) was recovered in images taken at the ESA Optical Ground Station in Tenerife with the 1.0m reflector by P Ruiz. The comet will return to perihelion 1.80 days earlier than predicted and has a period of 11.4 years. [MPEC 2014-L12, 2014 June 2]
Michel Ory is a Swiss amateur astronomer and president of the Société jurassienne d'astronomie, which has a well equipped observatory in the foothills of the Jura.
The comet passed 0.3 au from Jupiter in November 2005, before which the perihelion distance was a little larger.
2008 Q2 was recovered by Hidetaka Sato in images taken with the iTelescope 0.51m astrograph at Siding Spring on 2014 June 2.79. The comet is very close to the prediction by B. G. Marsden on MPC 65935. It has a period of 5.8 years. [MPEC 2014-M10, CBET 3906, 2014 June 18]
B. Skiff, Lowell Observatory, reports his discovery of a comet on LONEOS images obtained on Nov. 4.1 UT with the 0.59-m Schmidt telescope, the object showing a moderately condensed coma of diameter 25" and a weak tail 50" long in p.a. 75 deg. Following posting on the "NEO Confirmation Page", B. L. Stevens (Las Cruces, NM, 0.3-m Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope) reports that his CCD images taken on Nov. 4.2 show a 30" tail in p.a. 55 deg. [IAUC 8426, 2004 November 4]
Gareth Williams found images of 2004 V1 (P/Skiff) in images taken taken with the PanSTARRS 1 1.8m Ritchey-Chretien on July 3.51. The comet will return to perihelion 0.32 days earlier than predicted and has a period of 9.9 years. [CBET 3918, MPEC 2014-N43, 2014 July 7]
An apparently asteroidal object reported by LINEAR, and posted on the NEO Confirmation Page, was found to be apparently cometary on CCD images taken by P. Birtwhistle (Great Shefford, U.K., 0.30-m reflector; very faint tail about 10" long in p.a. approximately 270-280 deg on July 31.10 and Aug. 2.08 UT; mag 18.1 and coma diameter about 5" on Aug. 2.08), by J. Ticha and M. Tichy (Klet, 1.06-m KLENOT telescope; diffuse with a wide tail in p.a. 260 deg on Aug. 3.01), and by J. McGaha (near Tucson, AZ; possible tail spike 5" long in p.a. 300 deg on Aug. 3.38 with a 0.30-m reflector; possible fan-shaped tail 5" long in p.a. 260 deg on Aug. 5.33 with a 0.62-m reflector). The preliminary orbital elements indicate that the comet passed 0.3 au from Jupiter in Nov. 1979. [IAUC 8174, 2003 August 5]
2003 O3 (P/LINEAR) was recovered by Hidetaka Sato in images taken with the iTelescope 0.51m astrograph at Siding Spring on June 21.77. The comet was missed at its 2009 return and is close to the prediction in the 2014 ICQ Handbook. It has a period of 5.5 years with perihelion at 1.3 au. [MPEC 2014-N76, CBET 3922, 2014 July 14]
A team of observers at the European Space Agency's Optical Ground Station recovered 2000 QJ46 (P/LINEAR) with the 1.0m reflector on 2014 July 25.15. The indicated correction to the prediction by B. G. Marsden on MPC 75735 is Delta(T) = -0.24 day. [CBET 3923, MPEC 2014-O44, 2014 July 27] The comet has a period of 14 years and reaches perihelion at 1.9 au in December.
A team of observers at the European Space Agency's Optical Ground Station recovered 1997 T3 (P/Lagerqvist-Carsenty) with the 1.0m reflector on 2014 July 29.08. The indicated correction to the prediction by B. G. Marsden on MPC 79348 is Delta(T) = -1.28 days. [CBET 3925, MPEC 2014-O65, 2014 July 30] The comet has a period of 17 years and reaches perihelion at 4.2 au in 2015 May.
Published by Jonathan Shanklin. Jon Shanklin - firstname.lastname@example.org