Lent Term, 24 Lectures – Prof. C J Clarke and IoA staff
How do astronomers make deductions about the important physical processes operating in the Universe when they are forced to play the role of passive observer rather than active experimentalist? Despite all the complicated analytical machinery that has been developed to process astronomical data and to perform complex theoretical simulations, there is still a vital role in astrophysics for the order of magnitude estimate in order to sort out the relative importance of different physical effects. This is a skill that is rarely taught and one that is not always easily acquired, even though its mastery generally involves little more than the physics that is taught in the first two years of an undergraduate education.
This course aims to teach a set of skills by looking at a large range of astrophysical phenomena on scales from exoplanets to quasars. The issues to be discussed span well established astronomical truths (and how we know them) as well as a range of topics that are still at the forefront of debate. The lectures will provide an immersion in topics in contemporary astrophysics but the examinable content of the course - and the supervision problem sets - do not involve significant factual recall of the lecture content; instead these exercises are designed to develop clear thinking and the ability to make intelligent deductions from information presented.
The scheduling of lecture topics may occasionally deviate slightly from what is set out below except in the case of the Guest Lectures
Lecture 1: Introduction: Facts and Figures
Lecture 2: Distributions
Lectures 3-5: Tides: their applications to planets and binaries
Lecture 6: Guest Lecture: C. Tout Type IA Supernovae
Lectures 7-9: Further dynamical problems: from star clusters to galactic encounters
Lectures 10-12: The physics of matter and radiation
Lecture 13: Radiative properties of accretion discs
Lecture 14: Guest Lecture: V. Belokurov Tidal stripping in action: the field of streams
Lecture 15: Guest Lecture: A. Fabian The radiation physics of AGN
Lecture 16: Guest Lecture: M. Wyatt The formation of the Moon
Lectures 17-19: The physics of feedback
Lecture 20: Guest Lecture: N. Madhusudhan The physics of planetary atmospheres
Lecture 21: Guest Lecture: D. Queloz The discovery of extrasolar planets
Lecture 22: Guest Lecture: D. Sijacki Feedback, AGN and galaxy formation
Lectures 23-24: Unsolved problems in star and planet formation
There are no textbooks to support the course. However for students who are interested in learning more about some of the topics covered, the following books (in addition to those supporting other Part II Astro. courses) are recommended:
P. Armitage, The Astrophysics of Planet Formation, Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Frank, J., King, A., Raine, D., Accretion Power in Astrophysics, Cambridge University Press, 2002.
F. Mellia High Energy Astrophysics, Princeton University Press, 2009.
D. Ward-Thompson & A. Whitworth, An Introduction to Star Formation, Cambridge University Press, 2011.
|PoA slides 23 Jan||6.05 MB|
|PoA slides 30 Jan 2015||11.32 MB|
|PoA examples sheet 1||46.18 KB|
|PoA examples sheet 2||44.6 KB|
|PoA slides 6 Feb||22.87 MB|
|Fabian AGN handout 18 Feb||7.42 MB|
|Fabian AGN handout 18 Feb - slide 7||161.82 KB|
|PoA slides 23 Feb 2015||20.35 MB|
|Belokurov Streams slides 17 Feb||14.32 MB|