Institute of Astronomy

Pluto

Published on 23/02/2011 
Question: 

Why is Pluto no longer classified as a planet?

In recent years, better observations have lead to the discovery of a number of small bodies of similar size to Pluto in the Solar System. These include Ceres, found in the Asteroid Belt between Mars and Jupiter, and Eris, found beyond Pluto.

In light of these discoveries, if Pluto were still to be classified a planet, then these other bodies should also be called planets, meaning there would be far more than the nine (or now eight) with which we are familiar. The International Astronomoical Union therefore decided to define the term 'planet' to include the eight in our solar system and to define Pluto and other similar sized objects 'dwarf planets.'

Page last updated: 2 May 2011 at 11:11