Institute of Astronomy

Biographies E - L

Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington O.M. F.R.S. (1882-1944) Plumian Professor: 1913-1944, provided evidence for Relativity in 1919 eclipse expedition, popularizer of Relativity. Director of the Cambridge Observatory 1914-1944 and resided at the Observatory with mother Sarah Ann Eddington (1852-1924) and sister, Winifred Eddington (1879-1954). Obits.  MNRAS Vol. 105, p.68 (1945)   The Observatory, Vol. 66, p. 1-12 (1945)  Popular Astronomy, Vol. 53, p.253 (1945) See also ODNB. Memorial at Trinity College Chapel.

George Petros Efstathiou  (1955-) FRS (1994) Director of the Institute of Astronomy 2004-2008, Director of the Kavili Institute for Cosmology, Cambridge 2008-

Richard Salisbury Ellis (1950-) Plumian Professor 1993-1999 FRS (1995) Director of the Institute of Astronomy 1994-1999, CBE (2008)

Frederick Entwistle (1896?-1917) Junior Assistant at the Cambridge Observatory 1914-17. Killed in action as a Second Lieutenant in the 1st Bn. Norfolk Regiment 9 October 1917, he is burried at the Hooge Crater Cemetery, Belgium (Commonwealth War Graves Commission database)

Andrew Christopher Fabian  (1948-) FRS (1996) OBE (2006) Director of the Institute of Astronomy (2013-)

Miss Judith Veronica Field  (??)  Assistant in Research, Combined Observatories 1970-72

Peter Berners Fellgett  (1922-2008)  Senior Assistant Observer 1955-9, then to Royal Observatory, Edinburgh.  First professor of cybernetics at a British university (Reading, 1964).  FRS (1986).  Obit. The Observatory 129 (2009) 107

Miss Gibb (??) Computer at the Cambridge Observatory 1902-3

James Glaisher (1809-1903) Junior Assistant Observer at the Cambridge Observatory 1833-1835, later meteorologist at Greenwich, FRS and pioneer balloonist. Obits. MNRAS 64 (1903) p.280. The Observatory Vol. 26, p. 129-132 (1903)

John Glaisher (1819-1846) Junior Assistant Observer at the Cambridge Observatory 1836-1844. MNRAS 7 (1847) p.198-199.

A. W. Goatcher (?? active 1892-1910) Assistant to Mr Newall at the Cambridge Observatory 1892-1902, Established Computer at the Royal Observatory the Cape 1902-7, member 'GOK' of the BAA VSS

Douglas Owen Gough  (1941-) FRS (1997) Director of the Institute of Astronomy 1999-2004

Andrew Graham (1815-1908) discovered the asteroid 9 Metis whilst employed at the Markree Observatory in Ireland.  Senior Assistant at the Cambridge Observatory 1864-1903. Entry in ODNB.

Henry Ernest Green (1889-1944) Junior Assistant at the Cambridge Observatory 1918-44. Obit. MNRAS 105 (1945) 90-91.

Miss Hardy (??) Computer at Cambridge Observatory 1876-79/80

William Ernest Hartley (1877-1917) Junior Assistant at the Cambridge Observatory 1903-1913, Senior Assistant 1913-1917. Died on H.M.S. Vanguard when the vessel exploded at anchor 9 July 1917, he was serving as a Naval Instructor, he is recorded on the Chatham Naval Memorial (Commonwealth War Graves Commission database). Obit. MNRAS 78 (1918) 248.

Stephen Hawking CBE CH FRS (1942-) theoretical physicist and popular writer.  Researcher at Institute of Theoretical Astronomy 1968-72 and Institute of Astronomy 1972-73

Paul Charles Hewett  (1956- ) John Couch Adam's Astronomer 1995-2000, Director of the Institute of Astronomy 2012-13

Anthony Hewish (1924-) developed aperture synthesis at the Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory (1974 Nobel Prize winner)

Arthur Robert Hinks (1873-1945) Junior Assistant at the Cambridge Observatory 1896-1903, Senior Assistant 1903-1913.  Obits MNRAS Vol. 106 (1946), p.30  The Observatory, Vol. 66, p. 89-91 (1945)

Sydney Samuel Hough  (1870-1923)  educated at St. John's College, Cambridge.  Thrird Wrangler, 1892.  Smith's Prize, 1894.  Isaac Newton student and St. John's Fellow, 1895.  Chief Assistant, Cape Observatory, 1898.  HM Astronomer at the Cape 1907-23.  Obit.  MNRAS 84 (1924) 216The Observatory 46 (1923) 269.

Sir Fred Hoyle (1915-2001) Plumian Professor: 1958-1972, developed nucleosynthesis theory in astrophysics, opposed big-bang theory in cosmology, wrote science fiction, founder and Director (1967-1972) of the Institute of Theoretical Astronomy, Cambridge.  Obits.  The Observatory, Vol. 121, p. 405-408 (2001) ODNB

Sir Harold Jeffreys (1891-1989) Plumian Professor: 1946-1958, geophysicist.  Obit. QJRAS Vol. 31 (1990), No. 2, p. 267 - 271.  Nature, Volume 339, Issue 6220, pp. 102 (1989)

Robert C. Kennicutt Jr. (1951-) Plumian Professor: 2005-, FRS (2011) Director of the Institute of Astronomy 2008-2012

Harald von Kluber (1901-1978) Assistant Observer 1949-1960 then Assistant Director of the Solar Physics Observatory 1960-68, retired at age limit, but continued at Malta out station to 1971 supported by SRC grant. See Obituary QJRAS 20 (1979) 472-5.

Edward Hubert Linfoot  (1905-1982)  Assistant Director and John Couch Adam's Astronomer at Cambridge Observatories 1948-1969.  See Obituary QJRAS 25 (1984) 219

Roger Long (1680-1770) first Lowdean Professor of astronomy, created a planetarium sphere 'the Uranium' at Pembroke which existed from 1758-1871. See ODNB

Revd. William Ludlam  (1717-1788) mathematician, astronomer, clergyman. Made observations from St. John's College, Cambridge in 1767 and 1768.  JBAA 116 (2006) 119  See ODNB 

Donald Lynden-Bell  (1935- )  CBE Director of Institute of Astronomy 1972-77, 1982-87 & 1992-94, FRS (1978) Eddington Medal (1984), RAS Gold Medal (1993), Kavli Prize (2008)

William Thynne Lynn (1835-1911) most of career at Greenwich but, Junior Assistant at Cambridge Observatory 1855-56. Obits. MNRAS Vol. 72, (1912) p.249  The Observatory, Vol. 35, p. 47-49 (1912)

Raymond Arthur Lyttleton  (1911-1995)  graduate of Clare College (1933), 'honorary' staff member of Cambridge Observatory, Fellow of St. Johns College (1937).  FRS (1955), Gold medal of the RAS (1959), Royal Medal (1965).  Institute of Theoretical Astronomy/Institute of Astronomy 1967-1978.  Professor of theoretical astronomy (1969-, emeritus 1978-).  Theoretical work in astronomy and geophysics, numerous books and papers.  See ODNB  Obit. Nature 375 (1995) 738

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