John Couch Adams (1819-1892) predicted existence of planet Neptune independently of Le Verrier. Director of the Cambridge Observatory (1861-1892). Obits. MNRAS Vol. 53, p.184 (1893). The Observatory Vol. 15, p. 173-189 (1892) ODNB
Sir George Biddell Airy (1801-1892) Plumian Professor 1828-1836, Director of the Cambridge Observatory 1828-1835, Astronomer Royal 1835-1881. Obits. The Observatory, Vol. 15, p. 74-94 (1892). MNRAS Vol. 52, p.212 (1892). Astronomical Journal, vol. 11, iss. 252, p. 96-96 (1892).
Gunter H. Archenhold (1904-1999) German refugee astronomer held a special position in the SPO from August 1939 to May 1940, later worked as a school teacher with continued interest in solar observing. See Obit. JBAA (1999) vol.109, no.4, p.226
Arnold Noel Argue (?-2001) Junior Assistant Observer at Cambridge Observatory 1953-59, Senior Assistant Observer, 1959-90 (died 9 Feb 2001 aged 78, Obit. C.U.R. 28 Feb 2001)
Lt. Andrew Doughty Baldrey (1785-1843) naval officer, first Senior Assistant at the Cambridge Observatory from 1829, died at the Observatory 1843. See Notes & Queries 169 (1935) 376
Sir Robert Stawell Ball (1840-1913) author of popular books on astronomy, Director of the Cambridge Observatory 1892-1913. Obits. MNRAS Vol. 74, p.268 (1914). The Observatory, Vol. 37, p. 35-41 (1914) Popular Astronomy, vol. 22, pp.28-30 (1914).
John Thomas Barber (1825-1897) as an undergraduate at Trinity College he published observations of the aurora as seen from Cambridge with J.H. Morgan. Obit. MNRAS 58 (1898) 131
Frank E. Baxandall (1868-1929) worked with Norman Lockyer on stellar spectra, moved to Cambridge with the Solar Physics Observatory where he was Senior Assistant Observer from 1913-1929
Miss Julia Bell (??) Of Girton College, Computer at the Cambridge Observatory 1902-7
H. J. Bellamy (??) Assistant to Mr Newall 1902-5, left to work at the Royal Naval College, Osborne
Arthur George Berry (1823-1877) Junior Assistant at the Cambridge Observatory 1843-1846, later career in Church of England
Arthur Berry O.B.E. (1862?-1929) Vice-Provost of King's College, Cambridge, FRAS and author of 'A Short History of Astronomy' (1898). Obituary MNRAS 90 (1930) p. 358
Donald E. Blackwell (1921-2010) Graduate of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge. Assistant Director of the Solar Physics Observatory, Cambridge 1949-60. Savilian Professor, Oxford 1960-1988. Obituary A&G 52(3) (2011) p.37-38
S.E. Bowd (??) Computer at the Cambridge Observatory 1906-10
Arthur H.L. Bowden (1839-1923) Junior Assistant at Cambridge Observatory 1857-1858, Senior Assistant 1858-1863. See The Observatory, Vol. 39, p. 168-173 (1916)
James Breen (1826-1866) Senior Assistant Observer at the Cambridge Observatory 1846-1858
Hermann Alexander Bruck (1905-2000) John Couch Adams Astronomer 1943-1946. Obit. A&G 41(6) p.35 (2000)
Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell (1943-) discovered first Pulsar (1967)
Charles Pritchard Butler (1871-1952) Career in Solar Physics Observatory as Senior Assistant Observer 1889-1937, also a Director of BAA Solar Section. Obit. MNRAS Vol. 113, p.294 (1953)
Hugh Ernest Butler (1916-1978) Emmanuel College, Senior Assistant Solar Physics Observatory/Combined Observatories 1946-8, main career at Edinburgh. Obit. QJRAS Vol. 20, p. 221 - 222 (1979)
A.D. Campbell (??) Computer at the Cambridge Observatory 1905-11
Sir John Anthony Carroll K.B.E. (1899-1974) Assistant Director of the Solar Physics Observatory 1925-1930, later career as an Admiralty scientist, Gresham Professor of Astronomy (1964). Obit. QJRAS Vol. 16, p. 100 - 103 (1975) The Observatory, Vol. 94, p. 148-148 (1974)
Thomas Catton (bapt. 1758 died 1838) Operated an observatory at St. Johns College (1791-1832) see ODNB entry
Rev. James Challis (1803-1882) responsible for the British hunt for Neptune, Plumian Professor: 1836-1882 and Cambridge Observatory Director 1836-1861. Obit. MNRAS Vol. 43, p.160 (1883).
T. Christy (??) Junior Assistant at the Cambridge Observatory 1858-60
Bryan Cookson (1874-1909) grandson of R.S. Newall, Assistant in Astrophysics at the Cambridge Observatory 1906-9
Roger Cotes (1682-1716) Plumian Professor: 1707-1716, helped Newton with the second edition of Principia. See ODNB
Edwin Turner Cottingham (1869-1940) clockmaker, went on 1919 eclipse expedition with Eddington
Miss H.A. Couper (??) Assistant Technical Officer, Combined Observatories 1969.
George Stickland Criswick (1836-1916) most of career at Greenwich, but was Junior Assistant at the Cambridge Observatory 1854-55. See The Observatory Vol. 39, p. 168-173 (1916)
Sir George Howard Darwin (1845-1912) Plumian Professor: 1883-1912, author on the tides. Obits. MNRAS Vol. 73, p.204 (1913) The Observatory, Vol. 36, p. 55-59 (1913) Popular Astronomy, vol. 21, pp.125-129 (1913).
T.J. Deeming (??) Junior Assistant Observer 1961-2, then to University of Texas
David William Dewhirst (1926-2012) Junior Assistant Observer at Cambridge University Observatories 1950-55, Senior Assistant Observer and Librarian 1955-93, Gresham Professor of Astronomy 1976-79. Obituaries in The Observatory 133 (2013) p.54 and A&G 54 (2013) p.1.36.
James Chilton Dobbie (1902-?) B.A. Trinity College (1924) M.A. (1928). First Junior Observer (1930) then Senior Assistant Observer at the Solar Physics Observatory 1937-45, but from 1940 away on war related work, resigned 1945 (information from SPO annual reports and email from Trinity College 11/4/13).
Richard Dunthorne (1711-1775) established observatory at St. Johns College in 1765, expert on Moon motions. A servant of Roger Long, Master of Pembroke College, he helped Long build the great celestial sphere. He also was employed as a surveyor on drainage schemes for rivers in Cambridgeshire and surrounding counties. ODNB